Preventive Dentistry

Preventive dentistry is the modern way of helping you keep a healthy mouth. The two main causes of tooth loss are decay and gum disease. We can help you to prevent the need for treatment - especially fillings and extractions. Regular check up will help to maintain your mouth really healthy.

 

• We will ‘scale and polish’ your teeth to remove all plaque and tartar

• We will show you the best ways to brush, and how to clean in between your teeth using interdental brushes or floss, to remove the bacterial ‘plaque' which forms constantly on your teeth.

• We will tell you which oral care products are the best ones for you to use.

• We will also make sure that all your fillings are in good condition and that there are no rough edges to make cleaning difficult

 

 

Night Guards

 

Clenching or grinding of  teeth is a major cause for tooth problems. Most people are completely unaware that they do it, because often they do it while they sleep.

Some patients say that they notice signs of wear, but it is not just a cosmetic problem. The action of grinding- where your upper and lower teeth move back and forth with great force against each other- causes your teeth to flatten. Allowed to persist, grinding causes temperature sensitivity, pain because the wear gets down to the nerve, cracks in the teeth, receding gums and eventually lost teeth.

Unfortunately, there really is no “cure” for this. Research has shown the most effective treatment to date is night guards.

 

We will take into account your specific situation. Depending on what your grinding pattern is, you may only need a smaller night guard that fits over just your six front teeth or you may need more full coverage. We will take impressions of your teeth to custom make the night guard to match your teeth.

 

 

Fluoride Applications

 

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods and water. Every day, minerals are added to and lost from a tooth's enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization. Minerals are lost (demineralization) from a tooth's enamel layer when acids -- formed from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth -- attack the enamel. Minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate are re-deposited (remineralization) to the enamel layer from the foods and waters consumed. Too much demineralization without enough remineralization to repair the enamel layer leads to tooth decay

 

Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. It also reverses early decay. In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults.

 

Fluoride can be directly applied to the teeth through fluoridated toothpastes and mouth rinses. We will apply fluoride to the teeth as a gel, foam, or varnish. These treatments contain a much higher level of fluoride than the amount found in toothpastes and mouth rinses. Varnishes are painted on the teeth, foams are put into a mouth guard, which is applied to the teeth for one to four minutes gels can be painted on or applied via a mouth guard.

 

You may be at increased risk of tooth decay if you have the following conditions and would therefore benefit from Fluoride Application:

 Dry mouth conditions - caused by diseases, certain medications (such as allergy medications, antihistamines, anti anxiety drugs, and high blood pressure drugs), and head and neck radiation treatment. These make you more prone to tooth decay. The lack of saliva makes it harder for food particles to be washed away and acids to be neutralized.

 Gum disease- also called periodontitis, can expose more of your tooth and tooth roots to bacteria increasing the chance of tooth decay. Gingivitis is an early stage of Periodontitis.

 History of frequent cavities- If you have one cavity every year or every other year, you might benefit from additional fluoride.

 Presence of crowns and/or bridges or braces - These treatments can put teeth at risk for decay at the point where the crown meets the underlying tooth structure or around the brackets of orthodontic appliances

 

 

Pit & Fissure Sealants

 

Sealants are a safe and painless way of protecting your teeth from decay. A Sealant is a protective plastic coating, which is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth – the molars and premolars. The Sealant forms a hard shield that keeps food and bacteria from getting into the tiny grooves in the teeth and causing decay.

 

The process is usually quick and straightforward, taking only a few minutes for each tooth. The tooth is thoroughly cleaned, prepared with a special solution and dried. The liquid Sealant is then applied and allowed to set hard – usually by shining a bright light onto it.